India is said to be the largest democracy in the world in numbers. Democracy is the form of government in which people's will is supposed to be supreme. Lincoln's words in this connection can be quoted here, 'Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.' Such is the form of democratic government. But in big countries, it is not possible for the entire population to gather at one place and discuss the matters and control the affairs.
Government is therefore, carried by the elected representatives of the people. Of all the political forms of governments democracy is considered to be the best. It is most cultured and civilized political institution.
Democracy provides to its people freedom of thought, speech, expression and action. General elections are held after every five years for the new government. These elections make clear the general opinion of the common people, according to which the new government comes into existence with some promises, meant for the citizens of the country.
It shows that the foundations of democracy here are stable. But we don't see this stability in our neighbouring countries, like Pakistan, Bangladesh, where sudden overthrow of governments have been witnessed. Army rule has been imposed in these countries, which spoils the freedom of the common people.
People in India have developed mature judgement which is imperative for the success of democracy. Whenever, they find that a particular political party is not serving their purposes, they overthrow it and vote for another party which they think, can represent their feelings. But now days, a new trend has been developed. We don't find any of the political parties in full majority. As a result coalition governments are formed, which face many problems. In that condition our democratic structure seems to be weakened sometimes.
Nowadays, there is no ideology with any political party. Majority of the political leaders in our country have become corrupt and selfish. They never care the fact that they are the representatives of the public and they have some duties towards them. Once elected, they forget their promises, which they make at the time of election.
Instead they get involved in criticising the ideologies of other political parties. These tendencies are certainly not healthy for the continuance of democracy. What we need today is clean public life of the politicians.
They must not run after money and power but engage themselves in the welfare of the common people. Our leaders must be highly educated and morally conscious in order to become the models of the society. For the success of democracy in our country, these conditions must be fulfilled. Otherwise the so called largest democracy will always be in danger.
Synopsis:Democracy is a is a political set-up in which public it’s the ultimate power. India is democratic country based on the system of adult franchise and indirect participation by the people in the government. All people are equipping before law in Imia. It is democratic= ideal based on equality of opportunity. India is a democratic and welfare state which implies reasonably good quality of life tall its citizens. But in this respect Indies has failed. Indian democracy’s economic and social contents have not been realized yet and three is a lot of poverty, illiteracy, hunger and deprivation. Elections in India are not as free, fair and fearless as they ought to be. There is an urgent need of electoral reforms.
According to Abraham Lincoln democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people. In other words the ultimate power rests with the people who form the electorate to elect their representatives. Thus, the sovereignty lies in the people and is manifested through their opinion and will. It is a political set-up by consent of eh voters. In a genuine democracy, the consent of the people is active and effective. People exercise this consent from time to time indirectly through their elected representatives. The consent given to the representatives to govern and make laws can be withdrawn by the people when they so desire.
India is a democratic county. Here the will and consent of the majority prevail. It is a government in which each and every individual has some participation, some share. Democracy provides for the expression and development of the individuals. Every individual here has the freedom to realize his intellectual, economical and spiritual potentials to the maximum. This means that Indian democracy is a political arrangement with particular economic, social and political approach.
In Ian everybody is equal before law. Each and every human being is guaranteed freedom to develop himself to the fullest possible extent without any hindrance. Equality is the essence of democracy and all the citizens have equality of opportunity nut it never means regimentation and rigid uniformity. And this lends variety, diversity and plurality in unity. As a nation India is one but as individuals the citizens are free to follow their own individual faith, religion, desires and ways of life. It means individual diversities and national unity and integrity are not incompatible but rather complementary.
The economic aspect of democracy means that each and every citizen is made to live a goo dandy meaningful life with at least minimum needs of life easily available. Democracy means brining the gap between the rich and the poor and raising the standard of living of the masses. True democracy implies that nobody goes to bed hungry, that he has at least simple roof over his head and clothes to veer his body. These are the ideals of democracy, challenges which should be faced and met.
Defection and desertion is another great danger to Indian democracy. Political leaders without policies programmed, principles and moral values often change their loyalties form one faction to another for petty personal and party gains and destabilize the governments and balance of power. Such unscrupulous leaders do not hesitate to cause spilt in their political parti9es to grab power with the help of other political factions with whom they have no harmony, understanding or policy-accord at all. Such unholy alliances and strange bed-fellowship have abnormally increased in recent years.
Criminalization of politics poses a great danger to our democracy. Politicians in high places and positions have nexus with criminals, mafias, and antisocial elements and use them blatantly against tie adversaries. Political murders, kidnappings, abductions and threes have become very common. They indulge in buying of the votes, threatening the voters, booth-capturing, violence, shooting and killing during the election and in such a situating democracy becomes a sheer mockery. Election Commission should to curb some of these evils effectively. There should be transparency in election-funding, electioneering and expenditure of the candidates. Often the party in power misuses electronic media of rites electioneering purpose. All these evils be checked and eliminate.